アメリカの宇宙開発 宇宙に行った動物 （1985年５月４日）
Squirrel monkeys aboard Spacelab on the Space Shuttle Challenger have adapted to space travel. The two show curiosity with a spinning pen, top center, May 4, 1985. (AP Photo/NASA-TV)
フランスの宇宙開発 宇宙に行った動物 （1967年）
Monkeys from the French space program are seen, 1967. (AP Photo)
アメリカの宇宙開発 チンパンジー「ハム」 （1962年６月14日）
Space chimpanzee Ham reclines under some restraints, on a couch similar to that he rode on in his experimental flight, at the Aeromedical Research Laboratory, at Holloman Air Force Missile Development Centre, New Mexico, on June 14, 1962. (AP Photo)
アメリカの宇宙開発 チンパンジー「ハム」 （1961年２月１日）
U.S. space chimpanzee Ham waits in his couch as Navy crew on the USS Donner open the enclosed capsule that carried the animal on a 420-mile ride through space, Feb. 1, 1961. The Mercury-Redstone 2 rocket was launched on Jan. 31 from Cape Canaveral, Florida. (AP Photo)
使用注意 アメリカの宇宙開発 チンパンジー「ハム」 （1961年２月２日）
A combo of four pictures showing Ham, the chimpanzee, during his space flight from Cape Canaveral, Florida, Feb. 2, 1961, taken by a 16mm camera that was trained on his face during the 155-mile high, 5,000 miles-an-hour ride. (AP Photo/NASA)
アメリカの宇宙開発 チンパンジー「ハム」 （1961年２月）
Ham the monkey is shown in his space suit in the nose cone of the Mercury-Redstone 3 rocket that took him on a 1,500 mile journey. This picture was taken in February of 1961. (AP photo/stf)
アメリカの宇宙開発 チンパンジー「ハム」 （1961年１月31日）
First chimpanzee in space. Ham, the first chimpanzee in space, with recovery ship Commander after his suborbital test flight. On January 31, 1961, a Mercury-Redstone rocket carrying the chimpanzee was launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, USA. The rocket reached a peak of 254 kilometres above the Earth. During the flight, Ham had to pull a lever in response to a flashing light. After a 16.5 minute flight, the Mercury capsule landed and Ham was recovered alive. NASA launched several animals in test flights before launching the first American astronaut, Alan Shepard, on 5th May 1961. Image taken 31st January 1961.
アメリカの宇宙開発 チンパンジー「ハム」 （1961年１月31日）
Ham, also known as Ham the Chimp, was the first higher primate launched into outer space on January 31, 1961. Ham is shown on the deck of the rescue ship after his capsule splashed down in the Atlantic Ocean on January 31. Ham's journey started when he was secured in a Project Mercury capsule labeled MR-2 and launched from Cape Canaveral, Forida. This was the first suborbital flight, an animal experiment, carrying a chimpanzee to an altitude of 155 miles, with a parachute splashdown 420 miles down range. Ham, shown in a special biopack counch, was recovered in good condition. (AP Photo)
アメリカの宇宙開発 チンパンジー「ハム」 （1961年）
First chimpanzee in space. A male chimpanzee, 'Ham,' sitting within a Biopack Couch prior to his suborbital test flight. On January 31, 1961, a Mercury-Redstone rocket carrying the chimpanzee was launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, USA. The rocket reached a peak of 254 kilometres above the Earth. During the flight, Ham had to pull a lever in response to a flashing light. After a 16.5 minute flight, the Mercury capsule landed and Ham was recovered alive. NASA launched several animals in test flights before launching the first American astronaut, Alan Shepard, on 5th May 1961. Image taken 1st January 1961.
アメリカの宇宙開発 宇宙に行った動物 （1959年12月４月）
Photo provided by NASA in Washington shows a monkey named Sam as he is placed in a container during a test preceding his ride into space in a capsule attached to a rocket that was launched at Wallops Island, Virginia on December 4, 1959. Dr. Hugh Blodgett, left, and Dr. Lynn Brown, both of the University of Texas, insert the monkey. (AP Photo/NASA)
アメリカの宇宙開発 宇宙に行った動物 （1959年７月10日）
These two chimpanzees already given some training at Holloman Air Force Base, are at the University of Kentucky July 10, 1959, undergoing further space training. From left are Sam and Tiger. Sam weighs 36 pounds, Tiger 34. Both are considerably heavier than Able and Baker, the first two monkeys fired into space. The chips are held by their trainer, Blayton Blaylock of Alamogordo. (AP Photo)
ソ連の宇宙開発 ライカ犬 （年代不明）
Laika the space dog postcard. Artwork on postcard of Laika, the bitch who became the first animal in space. She was launched aboard the Soviet Sputnik 2 spacecraft. Sputnik 2 was launched on 3 November 1957. Laika (meaning 'Husky' or 'Barker') was contained within a sealed cabin with a food store and an air conditioner. Soviet propaganda at the time maintained that she survived for about a week, but in fact she died after just a few hours due to overheating and panic. The spacecraft was not designed to be recovered and it burnt up as it re-entered the atmosphere on 14 April 1958, 162 days after its launch.
ソ連の宇宙開発 ライカ犬 （1957年11月５日）
A view of Laika, Nov. 5, 1957, the female dog the Russians say is riding in outer space as a passenger aboard Sputnik II. The Russians say the name is also the breed of a dog native to the far North, and is related to the larger husky and similar to the spitz or pomeranian. The Laikas are known for their endurance. (AP Photo/NASA)
ソ連の宇宙開発 宇宙犬 （1957年11月４日）
Laika, dog sent into space, 4 November 1957.In 1957, a dog, Laika, became the first living organism to reach Earth s orbit, travelling aboard a Soviet Sputnik 2 rocket. Rising temperatures due to thermal control problems killed Laika on the fourth day of the mission. ／提供：SSPL
ソ連の宇宙開発 宇宙犬 （1957年11月４日）
Laika, a Soviet space dog, flying into space on board of the second satellite. Photo TASS 11/04/1957
ソ連の宇宙開発 宇宙犬 （1957年９月15日）
Dog "Laika" in her cabin shortly before it was installed into Sputnik II- 15.09.1957 It is in the duty of the user of the image to clear prior to usage if any Third Party rights preclude the intended use.
ソ連の宇宙開発 宇宙犬 （1957年）
Laika, the first canine in space, inside a mock-up of the cabin of the Soviet Sputnik 2 spacecraft. Sputnik 2 was launched on November 3, 1957. Laika (meaning "Barker" or "Husky") was contained within a sealed cabin with a food store and an air conditioner. Instruments transmitted data to Earth about Laika's pulse, respiration, blood pressure and heartbeat for seven days until she died when her oxygen supply ran out. The spacecraft was not designed to be recovered and it burned up as it re-entered the atmosphere on 14 April 1958, 162 days after its launch. Still image from the documentary film First Soviet Satellites of the Earth.
アメリカの宇宙開発 リスザル「ゴード」 （1950年代）
Gordo, US space monkey, with a US army researcher. Early research into space flight was carried out by the US Army, before the establishment of NASA. Gordo, a squirrel monkey, was launched into space on 13 December 1958, on a Jupiter AM-13 rocket. Gordo survived the launch from Cape Canaveral, Florida, USA, but the parachutes on his descent capsule failed, and it crash-landed in the South Atlantic Ocean. The capsule and Gordo's body were never found.