BRAZIL: EARTH SUMMIT ENDS IN RIO DE JANEIRO Brazilian President Fernando Collor de Mello closed the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro on Sunday (June 14) after 12 days of talks on global environment and world poverty. more than 110 world leaders attended the summit which culminated in their meeting on Saturday (June 13), the larget such gathering in history. Delegates said they believed the conference had been a success and Maurice Strong, summit secretary general, said it haf been a profound human experience fron which none of the participants could emerge unchanged. United Nations (U.N.) Secreary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali also told the conference he believed delegates had made important strides in attacking environmental problems. One famous figure watching the proceedings was Brazil's soccer great Pele who posed for pictures with delegates after the closing ceremony had been completed. The summit concluded by producing an agenda for attacking the problems discussed between world leaders, an environmental master plan called Agenda 21. During the conference, more than 150 nations signed two treaties, a biodiversity treaty to save plant and animal species and one to combat global warming. Controversially, the United States (U.S.) refused to sign the biodiversity treaty, leading to bitter criticism from a number of smaller nations. However, the U.S. did contribute to the cash promises made at the summit, which has pledges of about 2.5 billion U.S. dollars a year for the next five years. This was far short of the 70 billion dollars sought by the conference organisers but was seen by delegates as a start and a way to give impetus to solving international environmental problems.
BRAZIL: BRAZILIAN PRESIDENT FERNANDO COLLOR DE MELLO SIGNS THE FIRST ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY DOCUMENTS AT THE EARTH SUMMIT