Russia honours first man in space, Gagarin, 50 years since his death
Date:MARCH 27, 2018 Russians honoured on Tuesday (March 27) the memory of the first man in space, Yury Gagarin, who met a tragic death on this day 50 years ago. Gagarin was just 27 years old when on April 12, 1961 he completed humankind's first orbit around Earth, in his 'Vostok 1' rocket. His space capsule travelled at a speed of 27.400 km per hour, and orbited the earth in 108 minutes. At his return on the ground, Gagarin came back to international fame and was hailed by the Soviet leadership as a national hero. Seven years after, the first man returned safely from space, crashed during a test flight along with his instructor Vladimir Seryogin in Vladimir region, the site of today's memorial. People lay flowers at a memorial stella and attended a service at a small church nearby. Soviet cosmonaut Boris Volynov and the first woman in space Valentina Tereshkova thanked people for keeping alive the memory of the national heroes who - as they said - set an example for generations to come. (Caption:2113EV-SPACE-RUSSIA_GAGARIN)
INDIA: MILITARY PARADE MARKS 23RD ANNIVERSARY OF REPUBLIC'S INAUGURATION.
Date:26 January 1973 Some of India's latest weaponry was displayed before New Delhi crowds watching a military parade on Friday (26 January) marking the 23rd anniversary of the Republic's inauguration. Russian and British missiles and aircraft, and Indian-made tanks were among military hardware unveiled for the first time to the public gaze. Many in the crowd appeared just as interested in the distinguished guests attending the parade. These included Ms Velasco,..wife of President Velasco of Peru, Mrs. Alva Myrdal...a Cabinet Minister in the Swedish Government, and Soviet woman cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova. President Giri and Mrs. Gandhi, the Prime Minister, were also present. The parade featured a march-past of troops, and camel corps, and a fly-past of aircraft. SYNOPSIS: Large crowds packed New Delhi streets on Friday to watch a military parade marking the 23rd anniversary of the Indian Republic's inauguration. Mrs. Alva Myrdal....a Swedish Cabinet Minister, Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova, and Mrs. Velasco...wife of the President of Peru..were among distinguished guests. India's Prime Minister, Mrs. Gandhi, arrived in an open vehicle to join her guests. President Giri also attended. Early in the parade....a ride-past of cavalry. The Camel Corps also attracted much interest among the younger spectators. President Giri took the salute from the reviewing stand as a Sikh Regiment marched past. Decorated elephants and traditional dancing are expected attractions of Republic Day parades. There was also a fly-past of military aircraft, including British Hunters and Gnats, and Soviet MIG-21s. Earlier, much of the Indian Forces' latest weaponry had been on show.; The climax.....a fly-past by British-made Hunters. (Caption:INDIA: MILITARY PARADE MARKS 23RD ANNIVERSARY OF REPUBLIC'S INAUGURATION.)
WEST GERMANY: WEST BERLIN: RUSSIA WOMAN COSMONAUT, VALENTINA TERESHKOVA, PAYS SURPRISE VISIT
Date:10 OCT 1969 RUSSIA'S VALENTINA TERESHKOVA-NIKOLAEVA, THE WORLD'S FIRST WOMAN ASTRONAUT, WAS GREETED BY THE CHAIRMAN OF WEST BERLIN'S SOCIALIST UNITY PARTY, HERR GERHARD DANELIUS, AS SHE ARRIVED YESTERDAY (FRIDAY) AS THE GUEST OF THE WEST BERLIN ASSOCIATION FOR GERMAN-SOVIET FRIENDSHIP. THE SURPRISE VISIT CAME ONLY THREE DAYS BEFORE THE THREE UNITED STATES APOLLO II "LUNARNAUTS" WERE DUE IN THE CITY. THE 32-YEAR-OLD FORMER TEXTILE WORKER MADE HISTORY IN JUNE 1963 WHEN SHE BECAME THE FIRST WOMAN TO GO INTO SPACE. SHE MADE 48 ORBITAL FLIGHTS OF THE EARTH IN THE USSR SPACESHIP VOSTOK VI. SHE IS NOW MARRIED TO COSMONAUT COLONEL ANDRIYAN NIKOLAYEV. THE FORUM ORGANISED IN WEST BERLIN, WAS HELD IN A RESTAURANT IN THE BRITISH SECTOR. AFTER BEING FORMALLY INTRODUCED, TERESHKOVA ANSWERED QUESTIONS FROM THE AUDIENCE - BUT AVOIDED GIVING ANY VERY DEFINITE ANSWERS ON CRUCIAL SUBJECTS. (Caption:WEST GERMANY: WEST BERLIN: RUSSIA WOMAN COSMONAUT, VALENTINA TERESHKOVA, PAYS SURPRISE VISIT)
FRANCE: COSMONAUTS SEE PARIS FASHIONS -- PRESENTATION OF GALABERT INTERNATIONAL ASTRONAUTIC PRIZE
Date:13 MAY 1965 THE WORLD'S FIRST WOMAN COSMONAUT, VALENTINA TERESHKOVA, WHO IS VISITING PARIS, TOOK TIME OFF TODAY (THURSDAY) TO SEE SOME OF THE LATEST CREATIONS FROM THE FASHION HOUSE OF MOLYNEUX. MISS TERESHKOVA WAS ACCOMPANIED BY HER HUSBAND, COLONEL ANDRIAN NIKOLAYEV, WHO IS ALSO A COSMONAUT. LATER IN THE DAY, THE COUPLE ATTENDED A CEREMONY WHERE MISS TERESHKOVA WAS PRESENTED WITH THE GALABERT INTERNATIONAL ASTRONAUTIC PRIZE, WHICH SHE WAS AWARDED LAST YEAR JOINTLY WITH AMERICAN SPACE SCIENTIST DR WILLIAM PICKERING. IT WAS PRIMARILY TO RECEIVE THE GALABERT AWARD THAT MISS TERESHKOVA VISITED PARIS. THE PRIZE, WHICH INCLUDED A CHEQUE FOR 7,500 FRANCS (GBP550), WAS PRESENTED TO HER BY M. PAUL GALABERT, A FRENCH INDUSTRIALIST, WHO FOUNDED THE AWARD IN 1954. DR PICKERING, WHO SHARES THE AWARD WITH MISS TERESHKOVA, IS THE HEAD OF THE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY OF PASADENA, CALIFORNIA. THE SOVIET SPACE COUPLE ARRIVED IN PARIS ON MONDAY. DURING THEIR STAY IN THE FRENCH CAPITAL THEY HAVE BEEN GUESTS AT RECEPTIONS BY THE FRANCO-SOVIET FRIENDSHIP GROUP IN THE FRENCH PARLIAMENT, THE PARIS MUNICIPAL COUNCIL, AND THE FRANCE-U.S.S.R. ASSOCIATION. THEY ARE DUE TO LEAVE PARIS ON FRIDAY TO VISIT RHEIMS AND LILLE IN NORTH EASTERN FRANCE, BEFORE GOING TO NIMES AND NICE IN SOUTHERN FRANCE, AND TO MONACO. (Caption:FRANCE: COSMONAUTS SEE PARIS FASHIONS -- PRESENTATION OF GALABERT INTERNATIONAL ASTRONAUTIC PRIZE)
FRANCE: SOVIET COSMONAUTS VALENTINA TERESHKOVA AND ANDRIAN NIKOLAYEV ARRIVE IN PARIS FOR GOODWILL VISIT.
Date:10 MAY 1965 THE WORLD'S FIRST SPACEWOMAN, VALENTINA TERESHKOVA, ARRIVED IN PARIS TODAY (MONDAY) WITH HER HUSBAND, COSMONAUT ADRIAN NIKOLAYEV, TO BEGIN A 12-DAY VISIT TO FRANCE. THE COUPLE WILL SPEND FIVE DAYS IN THE FRENCH CAPITAL BEFORE TOURING PROVINCES IN THE NORTH-EAST AND SOUTH. WHILE IN PARIS, MISS TERESHKOVA WILL BE PRESENTED WITH A CHEQUE FOR 7,500 FRANCS AS HER SHARE OF LAST YEAR'S GALABERT ASTRONAUTICS PRIZE. SHE SHARED THE AWARD WITH DR. WILLIAM PICKERING, OF THE UNITED STATES, AND IT WILL BE PRESENTED TO HER ON WEDNESDAY, (MAY 12) BY M. PAUL GALABERT, THE FRENCH INDUSTRIALIST WHO FOUNDED THE AWARD IN 1954. IN PARIS THEY WILL ALSO BE GUESTS OF HONOUR AT RECEPTIONS GIVEN BY THE FRANCO-SOVIET FRIENDSHIP GROUP IN THE FRENCH PARLIAMENT, THE FRANCE U.S.S.R. ASSOCIATION, AND THE PARIS MUNICIPAL COUNCIL. THEY WILL LEAVE THE FRENCH CAPITAL ON MAY 14 TO VISIT RIEIMS AND LILLE AND OTHER PARTS OF NORTH-EASTERN FRANCE BEFORE HEADING SOUTH TO NIMES, NICE AND MONACO. (Caption:FRANCE: SOVIET COSMONAUTS VALENTINA TERESHKOVA AND ANDRIAN NIKOLAYEV ARRIVE IN PARIS FOR GOODWILL VISIT.)
PEOPLE-TERESHKOVA First woman in space Valentina Tereshkova launches Soviet spacecraft exhibition
Valentina Tereshkova, the first woman and civilian to travel into space, opened a huge exhibition of Soviet spacecraft in London on Thursday (September 17), the centrepiece of which is the actual craft which carried her back from orbit in 1963. The London Science Museum's 'Cosmonauts: Birth of the Space Age' is billed as the greatest exhibition of Soviet spacecraft and artefacts ever to be seen outside Russia. In opening the exhibition, Tereshkova was reunited with her spacecraft Vostok-6. The exhibit of the craft comes complete with the scorched remains of its heat shield. Standing in front of it, Tereshkova, now aged 78, said: "I believe this exhibition shows how interesting and important this work on Earth and in space is for mankind. On the other hand it creates the possibility to think about future co-operation between our scientists, our young people who want to fly into space. I'm glad and I believe it's very important to put on such exhibitions in this beautiful city of London." Speaking about the Vostok-6, she said: "I look at it (the Vostok-6 craft) with love because it allowed me to work successfully for over three days in orbit." Among the other key exhibits are the 5-metre tall LK-3 lunar lander from 1969, the most complete lunar lander still in existence. Also on display are engineering models of a dog ejector seat and suit, as used on Soviet suborbital rocket flights. Another exhibit shows the short-lived space shower used on the Mir space station. It was never very popular, according to organisers of the exhibition. The exhibition's curator, Ian Blatchford, explained the significance of these pieces being displayed in London. "We are standing next to Vostok-6 which took Tereshkova into space in 1963. Me asking for Vostok-6 would be like the Russians asking for the crown jewels. That really is how the feel about this. So the idea this was going to leave Russia and come to London, of all places, was quite extraordinary to them," he said. The exhibition opens on September 18 and runs until March 13. (Caption:PEOPLE-TERESHKOVA First woman in space Valentina Tereshkova launches Soviet spacecraft exhibition)