【アフガニスタン紛争】AFGHANISTAN (Soviet Troops leave)
Soviet tanks pulling out of Afghanistan - people waving to soldiers marching out; Russian soldiers dancing and playing music
MALAYSIA: ASEAN FOREIGN MINISTERS DISCUSS JOINT POSITION ON AFGHANISTAN AND KAMPUCHEA CRISIS BEFORE MEETING COUNTERPARTS FROM THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY
Date:6 MARCH 1980 Foreign Ministers of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) and European Community signed a cooperation agreement in Kuala Lumpur today (Friday 7 March), marking the start of a new era in their increasing economic relations. SYNOPSIS: The five member grouping of Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Thailand, and the Philippines spelled out their stand after three hours of discussions. The ASEAN leaders said they will support the EEC's call for a withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan and its neutralisation and will ask EEC ministers to agree to a similar joint declaration on Kampuchea. The foreign minister said the Afghanistan and Kampuchean problems are interlinked in the Soviet Union's global strategy. ASEAN officials say international political issues have clearly over-shadowed the economic questions and the degree of success in the two day ASEAN-EEC dialogue will be measured in her ability to project a common front in dealing with Afghanistan and Kampuchea. ASEAN is also expected to seek EEC support for an international conference on Indochina refugees. A similar conference was held in Geneva last July. Singapore's Foreign Minister Sinnathamby Rajaratnum said it was time to meet again before the refugee situation again got out of control. Thai officials expressed fears that any escalation of the Kampuchean conflict would send tens of thousands more people across the border into Thai territory. (Caption:MALAYSIA: ASEAN FOREIGN MINISTERS DISCUSS JOINT POSITION ON AFGHANISTAN AND KAMPUCHEA CRISIS BEFORE MEETING COUNTERPARTS FROM THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY)
アフガニスタン紛争 ソ連軍、アフガニスタン侵攻 (1980年１月）
AFGHANISTAN/PAKISTAN: WHILE SOVIET TROOPS MOVE OUT TO THE PROVINCES. PAKISTAN VILLAGERS NEAR THE BORDER MAKE GUNS FOR TRIBESMEN. Afghan tribesmen claimed on Friday (11 January) that they have cut two main roads from Kabul and isolated troops from the Soviet Union in Jalalabad bear the Khyber Pass, and Khandahar in the far south. The tribesmen are reportedly supplied with some of their weapons by tribesmen from the Pakistan border district of Darra, where home-made guns have been made for generations. SYNOPSIS: On the Kabul-Khandahar road in Afghanistan there were many Russian tanks and armoured vehicles on Thursday (10 January). This convoy was moving out to the provinces and border areas with Pakistan, where Russian troops have met much resistance from tribesmen opposed to their presence. The tribesmen have found support from across the border in Pakistan. The villagers in the Darra district have been manufacturing arms for generations and they sell their products in the streets and little shops to fellow-tribesmen fighting in the rugged mountain terrain running the length of the Afghan-Pakistan border. Business has become brisk and the primitive back-room factories have found it increasingly difficult to meet the demand since the inhabitants of Afghanistan's mountain regions began their guerrilla warfare against the successive governments of Noor Mohammad Tarakki, Hafizullah Amin and now Babrak Karmal. Steel for the guns is scarce so the villagers often have to make do with any rusting fence iron and scrap metal. The gun factories sometimes copy the most sophisticated guns, using virtually to tools except the crude devices manufactured by themselves. Some of the weapons sold by the tribal gunsmiths are hard to distinguish from those manufactured in developed countries. "We can produce everything" one of the gunsmiths proudly claims. And the weapons are said to work well, whether they are based on existing designs or entirely created under the dexterous hands of the tribesmen. Artillery pieces, rifles and ammunition are all sold in the shops of Darra Bazaar -- in an unsettled area where no one needs a licence to shoot.