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188941607

サル痘はパンデミックを引き起こす可能性が低く流行は収束する …


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作品情報

作品番号
188941607
タイトル
サル痘はパンデミックを引き起こす可能性が低く流行は収束するだろうと専門家
クレジット表記
動画:ロイター/アフロ
日付
2022年5月20日
撮影国
アメリカ合衆国
コンテンツカテゴリー
北米, ニュース
ライセンスタイプ
RM(ライツマネージド)
モデルリリース
なし 
プロパティリリース
なし 
コーデック
H264
フレームレート
25.00 fps
長さ
73.36 秒
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ストーリー

Additional cases of monkeypox are likely to increase in the United States. Still, there is virtually no possibility of the virus causing a pandemic similar to COVID-19, an infectious diseases expert told Reuters on Friday (May 20).
The first case of monkeypox this year in the United States was confirmed on Wednesday (May 18) by the Massachusetts Department of Public Health.
The infected man had recently traveled to Canada.
"There's a danger of viewing every further infectious disease outbreak through the lens of COVID 19," Dr. Amesh Adalja, a Senior Scholar at the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security and an expert on infectious diseases and emergency medicine, said.
"And you have to draw distinctions between a virus like SARS-CoV-2 and a virus like monkeypox, which spread in a totally different way from totally different viral families," he added.
Monkeypox, which mainly occurs in west and central Africa, is a rare viral infection similar to human smallpox, though milder. It was first recorded in the Democratic Republic of Congo in the 1970s.
The number of cases in West Africa has increased in the last decade.
Symptoms include fever, headaches and skin rashes, often starting on the face and spreading to the rest of the body.
It is unusual that monkeypox is now spreading through social networks, often through sexual contact rather than through animal contact, Adalja pointed out.
But monkeypox is far less transmissible than COVID-19, he said.
"While there may be some synergies in the public health actions that need to be taken like contact tracing, they're very different responses, very different viruses and very different threat levels," he said.
"I do not think monkeypox has any ability to cause a pandemic because it is an inefficient transmitter, because it is not contagious during the incubation period, because we have the smallpox vaccine that is a tried-and-true countermeasure to stop these outbreaks."
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said its labs confirmed the Massachusetts infection to be monkeypox on Wednesday afternoon.
The state agency said it was working with CDC and relevant local boards of health to carry out contact tracing, adding that "the case poses no risk to the public, and the individual is hospitalized and in good condition."
While there is no danger of a monkeypox pandemic, COVID-19 has primed healthcare providers to handle infectious disease outbreak, Dr. Adalja said.
"Because of COVID 19, hospitals are on high alert to deal with infectious disease and to become much more adept," he said.
"We routinely place people into airborne isolation, we routinely use a lot of personal protective equipment, we routinely run down febrile illnesses or fever illnesses in order to figure out what's going on… So I do think that hospitals around the United States would be able to handle this."
The CDC has said no monkeypox cases had previously been identified in the United States this year.
Texas and Maryland each reported a case in 2021 in people with recent travel to Nigeria.
(Production: Kevin Fogarty; Ashraf Fahim)
( Original Title: Monkeypox unlikely to cause pandemic, outbreak will be contained - expert )
( Caption: 9587WD-HEALTH-MONKEYPOX_USA_EXPERT_O_ )
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タイムライン

PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA, UNITED STATES (MAY 20, 2022) (REUTERS)
(SOUNDBITE) (English) SENIOR SCHOLAR AT THE JOHNS HOPKINS CENTER FOR HEALTH SECURITY, INFECTIOUS DISEASES AND EMERGENCY CARE EXPERT, DR. AMESH ADALJA, SAYING:
"Mortality rates, mostly in African outbreaks, have been 1 to 10%, depending upon what strain of virus you get. And these cases that have occurred in industrialized countries like the United States, where we had an outbreak in 2003 related to the importation of African animals, really did not have any mortality and had only a few severe cases, despite four dozen cases that occurred. So, I think that this is usually a self-limited, manageable illness. And the thing about it is the incubation period is long enough that if you can get the people after they've been exposed and vaccinate them, you can abort that infection from occurring."
(SOUNDBITE) (English) SENIOR SCHOLAR AT THE JOHNS HOPKINS CENTER FOR HEALTH SECURITY, INFECTIOUS DISEASES AND EMERGENCY CARE EXPERT, DR. AMESH ADALJA, SAYING:
"And I think that this is something that has, you know, been on the list of emerging infectious diseases. People have been attuned to the risk of more cases occurring. And it's not surprising that more cases have occurred. And although there's a lot of headlines and people are alarmed about this, I think it's more about monkeypox finding the opportunity to spread in a social network rather than something that's changed in terms of monkeypox itself. It's still the same virus. It's still the same tools we use. It's just that it's found its way into a population that has facilitated its spread in a way that it hasn't been able to do in the past."
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サイズ

フレームサイズ
SD 864 × 486
形式
MP4

料金

プライスゾーン
Standard(料金案内)

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