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188916388

Global spread of Monkeypox cause for alarm, but not panic - …


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作品情報

作品番号
188916388
タイトル
Global spread of Monkeypox cause for alarm, but not panic - UK expert
クレジット表記
動画:ロイター/アフロ
日付
2022年5月19日
撮影国
イギリス
コンテンツカテゴリー
ヨーロッパ, ニュース
ライセンスタイプ
RM(ライツマネージド)
モデルリリース
なし 
プロパティリリース
なし 
コーデック
H264
フレームレート
25.00 fps
長さ
351.68 秒
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ストーリー

The global spread of monkeypox is causing alarm among public health officials but experts say its unlikely to spread like the coronavirus epidemic.
Monkeypox is a usually mild viral illness, characterised by symptoms of fever as well as a distinctive bumpy rash.
First identified in monkeys, the viral disease typically spreads through close contact and largely occurs in west and central Africa. It has rarely spread elsewhere, so this fresh spate of cases outside the continent has triggered concern.
A handful of cases of monkeypox have now been reported or are suspected in Britain, Portugal, Spain and the United States.
"This has never been seen before," said Jimmy Whitworth, a professor of international public health at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. "So this is quite alarming from a public health point of view and something that we really need to get a grip of and control as as quickly as we can."
Whitworth explained while there was cause for concern, there was no need for panic.
"This is not going to spread and get into the general population and cause an epidemic like the coronavirus has," Whitworth told Reuters.
The first European case was confirmed on May 7 in an individual who returned to England from Nigeria, where monkeypox is endemic.
The reopening of international travel could be one explanation for the global spread, Whitworth said.
The recent cases are predominantly among men in the gay community or men who have sex with men, authorities have reported.
"It's not been reported to be a sexually transmitted infection before, but clearly we need to investigate that further to see if it can spread in that route," Whitworth said. "That probably is at the moment the best working hypothesis for how it is spreading from person to person."
Immunisation against smallpox, which provides some protection against monkeypox, was stopped after the eradication of the disease in Africa. This could provide some explanation for a rise in cases in the continent, Whitworth said.
Giving the vaccination to people who are at high risk of being exposed to monkeypox or shortly after exposure is one way to prevent the disease, Whitworth said.
The UKHSA (UK Health Security Agency) said on Thursday it would be offering the smallpox vaccine to health workers and others at high risk of exposure.
(Production: Lucy Marks)
( Original Title: Global spread of Monkeypox cause for alarm, but not panic - UK expert )
( Caption: 9147WD-HEALTH-MONKEYPOX_BRITAIN_EXPERT_O_ )
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タイムライン

PEMBROKESHIRE, WALES, UNITED KINGDOM (MAY 19, 2022) (REUTERS)
(SOUNDBITE) (English) PROFESSOR OF INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC HEALTH AT LONDON SCHOOL OF HYGIENE AND TROPICAL MEDICINE, JIMMY WHITWORTH, SAYING:
"Monkeypox is a viral infection and the reservoir is in small mammals, usually rodents in West African and Central African forest. And so people get infected if they come into contact in some way with those animals. It can then spread from person to person. But it's not very efficient at transmitting. And so what we normally see is maybe one or two people get infected from that case and then it dies out because it's not very infectious within human population."
WHITE FLASH
(SOUNDBITE) (English) PROFESSOR OF INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC HEALTH AT LONDON SCHOOL OF HYGIENE AND TROPICAL MEDICINE, JIMMY WHITWORTH, SAYING:
"It usually starts with fever and headache. People feel pretty miserable and tired. They can get swollen glands. And then this typical rash develops, which is sort of pustular in form. And that's usually what's infectious. And this is infectious until the scabs actually fall off of this. It's normally spread by close contact, either touching the skin or alternatively from touching bedding or shared utensils of some sort. So that's the usual way in which it's spread. And if you're very close, then from coughing can also spread it. "
WHITE FLASH
(SOUNDBITE) (English) PROFESSOR OF INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC HEALTH AT LONDON SCHOOL OF HYGIENE AND TROPICAL MEDICINE, JIMMY WHITWORTH, SAYING:
"Most people will recover and recover fully within a few weeks, but people can have serious disease and may need to be hospitalised with it. The strain that's being seen in the current outbreak in in Europe is the West African strain, which has a mortality rate of about one in 100. So it's milder than the Central African strain, but still it's a serious disease. "
WHITE FLASH
(SOUNDBITE) (English) PROFESSOR OF INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC HEALTH AT LONDON SCHOOL OF HYGIENE AND TROPICAL MEDICINE, JIMMY WHITWORTH, SAYING:
"Monkeypox rarely is seen outside of Africa. When it is, it's brought to another country by somebody going through international travel. Until this year have been very few cases ever reported around the world of this. But then this year we've had this unprecedented cluster of cases that occurred. And what's unusual about this is that it seems to be quite distributed geographically. And what we're not sure about is how connected the different clusters of cases in the UK, Portugal, Spain, even one case in the USA are."
WHITE FLASH
(SOUNDBITE) (English) PROFESSOR OF INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC HEALTH AT LONDON SCHOOL OF HYGIENE AND TROPICAL MEDICINE, JIMMY WHITWORTH, SAYING:
"And this has never been seen before. So this is quite alarming from a public health point of view and something that we really need to get a grip of and control as as quickly as we can. There's no need to panic here. This is not going to spread and get into the general population and cause an epidemic like the corona virus has. But even so, this is a pretty large cluster of what appears to be quite a large area."
WHITE FLASH
(SOUNDBITE) (English) PROFESSOR OF INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC HEALTH AT LONDON SCHOOL OF HYGIENE AND TROPICAL MEDICINE, JIMMY WHITWORTH, SAYING:
"Now that things are opening up again and people are starting to travel, then there's an opportunity for infectious diseases to be disseminated in different parts of the world. Monkeypox has been increasing in recent years in West Africa and Central Africa, and so there may simply be more cases and more people who are incubating the disease in West Africa who are travelling. So there's more opportunity for it to seed into into European countries."
WHITE FLASH
(SOUNDBITE) (English) PROFESSOR OF INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC HEALTH AT LONDON SCHOOL OF HYGIENE AND TROPICAL MEDICINE, JIMMY WHITWORTH, SAYING:
"This is an unusual outbreak in that it's occurring in men who have sex with men. It's not been reported to be a sexually transmitted infection before, but clearly we need to investigate that further to see if it can spread in that route. But just through close, direct contact, we do know that it can spread. So that probably is at the moment the best working hypothesis for how it is spreading from person to person."
WHITE FLASH
(SOUNDBITE) (English) PROFESSOR OF INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC HEALTH AT LONDON SCHOOL OF HYGIENE AND TROPICAL MEDICINE, JIMMY WHITWORTH, SAYING:
"Monkeypox is closely related to smallpox, which was eradicated several decades ago. And it's clear that smallpox vaccine does give some cross-protection against monkeypox. And one of the reasons that we think that there has been this increase in cases of monkeypox in Africa is that routine smallpox vaccination was stopped once the disease was eradicated."
WHITE FLASH
(SOUNDBITE) (English) PROFESSOR OF INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC HEALTH AT LONDON SCHOOL OF HYGIENE AND TROPICAL MEDICINE, JIMMY WHITWORTH, SAYING:
"Giving smallpox vaccination to people who are at high risk of being exposed to monkeypox or indeed shortly after they've got it, will prevent them from getting the infection. So that is one of the interventions that will be offered to contacts of people who have had monkeypox."
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